What is ESSA?
The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) replaces No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and reauthorizes the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965. ESSA is meant to ensure all students have equitable access to high-quality educational resources and opportunities, and to close educational achievement gaps. To receive federal funding, each state must submit a state plan to the U.S. Department of Education every several years, and each district then must apply to the state.
What is Title I?
Title I is a federal program under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) as reauthorized by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). Title I covers the fiscal and program requirements for improving the academic achievement of students who attend schools eligible for Title I. The purpose of Title I is to ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach, at a minimum, proficiency on challenging State academic achievement standards and state academic assessments.
How do schools receive Title I funds?
The New Jersey Department of Education performs calculations based on census and poverty data in the district and in each school. Based on federal guidelines the district must identify all eligible schools using the most current enrollment and poverty data.
What are the parental involvement requirements for a Title I district and school?
Each district that receives Title I, Part A funds must develop a written parental involvement policy that establishes the district’s expectations for parental involvement. The district policy must be developed jointly with, and agreed upon with, the parents of children participating in Title I, Part A programs and distributed to parents of all children participating in Title I, Part A programs. [Section 1118(a)(2), ESEA.] School-Parent-Student compacts must also be developed in partnership with parents that outline the responsibilities for all three parties in the educational process. Communication efforts must be ongoing and sustained and encourage parental involvement in many facets of the planning, development, and implementation stages.